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Capital Gains Tax Calculator Property UK 2024

Looking at how to calculate your capital gains tax bill

Capital Gains Tax (CGT) is a financial obligation imposed on the profits derived from the sale of various assets, such as property, jewellery, paintings, cryptocurrency, stocks, and shares. Individuals are required to declare any earnings exceeding a specified threshold, resulting from the sale of such assets, by means of a tax return. This declaration should be followed by the filing and payment of the Capital Gains Tax bill on or before the 31st of January in each tax year.

The applicable rate of CGT is contingent upon the nature of the asset sold and the individual's overall income. In essence, CGT represents a tax charged on the monetary gains realised through the sale of assets. 

But working out exactly how much you owe can be overwhelming. That's why we have written our blog on all things capital gains tax rate uk. In this blog post, we will look at our capital gains tax calculator uk, how to work out what rate tax payer you are, and how to report and pay cgt uk. 

Looking for a quick answer? Check out our navigation below! 

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What was the Capital Gains Tax rate for 2023 UK?

In the 2023/2024 tax year in the UK, the Capital Gains Tax rates are structured based on the individual's overall annual income. For those with an overall annual income below £50,270, the capital gains tax rate is 10% (18% for residential property) on the entire capital gain. If the overall annual income exceeds the £50,270 threshold, the capital gains tax rate becomes 20% (28% for residential property) on the entire capital gain.

It's noteworthy that individuals now have a capital gains tax allowance of only £3,000 for the 2023/2024 tax year, a reduction from the £12,300 allowance in the previous tax year (2022/2023). This means that only capital gains up to £3,000 are exempt from tax.

It's important to recognise that the capital gains tax rates differ from income tax rates and are contingent upon the nature of the asset being sold. It's also worth noting that, under normal circumstances, individuals typically do not incur capital gains tax when selling their main residence. The intricacies of capital gains tax underscore the importance of understanding the specific tax implications associated with different types of assets, whether it be residential property, jewelry, or other investments.

 What is the new Capital Gains Tax rate for 2024?

In 2024, significant changes are anticipated in the realm of Capital Gains Tax (CGT) that property owners and investors should be mindful of. The capital gains tax allowance, which currently permits gains of up to £6,000 without incurring tax (down from £12,300 in 2022-23), is set to be further reduced to just £3,000 from April 2024.

Moreover, looking ahead to the tax year 2024-25 and subsequent years, there will be a permanent fix to the annual exemption amount at £3,000 for individuals and personal representatives, and £1,500 for most trustees. Notably, any future indexation of the annual exemption with the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) will be eliminated by legislation. Additionally, the CGT reporting limit will be fixed at £50,000.

These adjustments underscore the significance of staying informed about evolving tax regulations, particularly in the context of property transactions and investments. It is recommended that individuals seek professional advice to navigate these changes effectively, ensuring compliance and informed decision-making in managing their property portfolios.

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How do you work out capital gains tax?

When determining your Capital Gains Tax (CGT) obligations, it is essential to first ascertain your taxpayer status, as this significantly influences the amount you'll pay, alongside the asset's value. The calculation involves several steps.

  • Transparent icon with white lines representing number 1
    Transparent icon with white lines representing number 1
    1. Calculate Taxable Gains

    Begin by determining your taxable gains, which is the profit derived from the asset after deducting any allowable losses. For instance, if your taxable gain is £15,000 and allowable losses amount to £2,000:

    Total Taxable Gain: £15,000 - £2,000 = £13,000.

  • Transparent icon with white lines representing number 2
    Transparent icon with white lines representing number 2
    2. Deduct CGT Tax-Free Allowance

    Subtract the CGT tax-free allowance from the total taxable gain. Using the example for the tax year 2024, where the allowance is £6,000:

    Amount Subject to CGT: £13,000 - £6,000 = £7,000.

  • Transparent icon with white lines representing number 3
    Transparent icon with white lines representing number 3
    3. Calculate CGT Liability

    Once you have the amount subject to CGT (£7,000), you can determine the percentage of Capital Gains Tax based on your taxpayer status. The specific rate depends on whether you are a basic or higher/additional rate taxpayer.

This comprehensive approach ensures a thorough understanding of your CGT liability, taking into account allowable losses and the tax-free allowance. For precise calculations and tailored advice, consulting with a property professional or tax expert is advisable, ensuring compliance with current regulations and optimising your financial strategy.

Alternatively, there are multiple capital gains tax calculator uk available online if you wish to double check your maths! 

Calculate what rate taxpayer you are

Before you can get stuck into the capital gains calculator property uk, you will need to determine what rate of taxpayer you are. This will determine exactly how much you owe. 

in order to calculate your taxpayer rate for CGT, follow these steps:

  1. Determine Total Income: Add the amount subject to CGT (£7,000) to your annual income (£35,000), resulting in a total income of £42,000.

  2. Identify Tax Bracket:

    • If your total income falls within the basic rate tax bracket (up to £50,270 for the tax year 2024/25), you are considered a basic rate taxpayer.

    • If your total income surpasses the basic rate threshold, you fall into the higher rate tax bracket.

    In this example, with a total income of £42,000, you are within the basic rate tax bracket.

  3. Determine CGT Rate:

    • Basic Rate Taxpayer: For gains from other chargeable assets (not residential property), the applicable CGT rate is 10%.

    • Higher Rate Taxpayer: For gains from other chargeable assets, the CGT rate is 20%.

    As a basic rate taxpayer, the CGT rate for gains from other chargeable assets is 10%.

  4. Calculate CGT Liability: Apply the CGT rate to the amount subject to CGT:

    • £7,000 * 10% = £700.

Therefore, as a basic rate taxpayer, the CGT rate for the amount subject to CGT (£7,000) would be 10%, resulting in a CGT liability of £700. It's important to note that these calculations are specific to the basic rate tax bracket and may vary for higher rate taxpayers based on the nature of the asset (residential property or other chargeable assets). For tailored advice, consulting with a property professional or tax expert is recommended.

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What are the current Capital Gains Tax rates?

Knowing what the current capital gains tax rate uk is, you can get a better understanding of exactly how much you may owe. Below we take a brief overview of how much CGT you need to pay, depending on your taxpayer band. 

Type of assetBasic rateHigher rate
Residential property18%28%

How much is the tax-free allowance?

Allowance forAnnual exempt amount

How to report and pay capital gains tax on property 

Reporting and paying Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on property involves a series of steps to ensure compliance with HMRC regulations. Here's a guide on how to report and pay CGT on property:

  1. Create a 'Capital Gains Tax on UK Property' Account: Begin by setting up a 'Capital Gains Tax on UK Property' account on the government's website. This account is essential for declaring and paying any form of CGT related to property transactions. Without it, you won't be able to proceed with the declaration or payment process.

  2. Submit a CGT Calculation: Provide a thorough CGT calculation based on the gains made from the property transaction. This submission is typically done through the account you created. HMRC may review and make adjustments to your calculation if necessary.

  3. Review HMRC Amendments: If HMRC makes amendments to your CGT calculation, carefully review the changes. If there are any adjustments that are unclear or you don't understand, it's advisable to reach out to HMRC directly for clarification.

  4. Pay Your CGT Bill: Once your CGT calculation is finalized and any adjustments have been addressed, proceed to pay your Capital Gains Tax bill. This can also be done through the same government account.

  5. Secure Account Information: It's essential to safeguard your account information. Make note of your username and password in a secure place, as this account can be utilized for future tax declarations.

By following these steps, property owners can effectively report and pay Capital Gains Tax on their property transactions. Seeking professional advice or consulting with a property expert can provide additional insights and ensure compliance with the latest HMRC regulations.

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Can I avoid CGT? 

Mitigating your Capital Gains Tax (CGT) liability can pose challenges. Unlike some taxes, CGT does not offer tax credits or relief. However, you have the opportunity to leverage the Capital Gains Tax allowance to minimize your tax obligations. In each tax year, you are entitled to earn up to £6,000 in profit without incurring any tax (formerly £12,300). Profits falling below this threshold exempt you from the obligation of filing a tax return, offering a strategic advantage for property owners seeking to optimize their tax position.

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Alexandra Ventress

Alexandra is a Content Producer who enjoys writing articles, finding out about the property market, keeping you up to date with the latest trends.